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- How can I prevent COVID-19?
The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus. The CDC recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory diseases. They include:
- Wash your hands often with plain soap and water. The CDC recommends washing your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing. If soap and water are not available, the CDC recommends using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face covering or non-surgical mask when around others.
- Avoid crowds and practice social distancing (stay at least 6 feet apart from others).
- What should I do if my friend is suspected or has tested positive for COVID-19?
You should inform everybody who was in contact with that person to self-quarantine at home for 14 days to ensure that it does not spread. Also, do carry out the disinfection process in affected areas.
If the person has been to a shared building, please inform the building management to take appropriate precautions.
- Should I wear a face covering or mask when I go out in public?
The wearing of face masks is only compulsory in crowded public places. It was not necessary if one was alone and practised physical distancing.
“There are many public places including parks, but if you are alone there is no need to wear a mask because it is only compulsory in crowded public places. In crowded markets, buses and LRT, it is a must to wear face masks.
“But if you are alone or there is physical distancing between those present, for example in restaurants, it is not necessary to wear masks. You can’t eat with your mask on,” Senior Minister (Security Cluster) Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob told a news conference on the Recovery movement control order (RMCO) on December 15, 2020. Source article link here…
Beginning August 1, 2020, the wearing of face masks was made compulsory in crowded public places, and offenders are liable to a RM1,000 fine under Act 342 (Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988).
- Is hand sanitizer effective against COVID-19?
The best way to prevent the spread of infections and decrease the risk of getting sick is by washing your hands with plain soap and water, advises the CDC. Washing hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds is essential, especially after going to the bathroom; before eating; and after coughing, sneezing, or blowing one’s nose. If soap and water are not available, CDC recommends consumers use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Can we as employee refuse to work out of fear for COVID-19?
Employees only have the right to refuse to work if they believe they are in imminent danger.
Section 14 (3) of the Employment Act 1955 provides: “an employee may terminate his contract of service with his employer without notice where he or his dependants are immediately threatened by danger to the person by violence or disease such as such employee did not by his contract of service undertake to run”.
The employer must determine if this situation exists in the workplace before deciding whether it is permissible for the employee to refuse to work.
- I have been given an Observation and Surveillance Order under Section 15 (1) of the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 [Act 342] by the Health Authorities for 14 days. Do I still need to attend work?
If an employee is given an Observation and Surveillance Order under Section 15 (1) of the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases Act 1988 [Act 342] by the Health Authorities, the employee is allowed to be absent from work.
- In a situation where COVID-19 pandemic becomes worse, can employers give unpaid leave to employees because the company is also slightly affected by it?
Employers cannot order the employees to take unpaid leave unless the employees agree to it.
- What treatments are available for COVID-19?
On October 22, 2020, the FDA approved the antiviral drug Veklury (remdesivir) for use in adults and pediatric patients (12 years of age and older and weighing at least 40 kg) for the treatment of COVID-19 requiring hospitalization. Veklury should only be administered in a hospital or in a healthcare setting capable of providing acute care comparable to inpatient hospital care.
This approval does not include the entire population that had been authorized to use Veklury under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) originally issued on May 1, 2020. In order to ensure continued access to the pediatric population previously covered under the EUA, the FDA revised the EUA for Veklury to permit the drug’s use by licensed healthcare providers for the treatment of suspected or laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in hospitalized pediatric patients 3.5 kg to less than 40 kg or hospitalized pediatric patients less than 12 years of age weighing at least 3.5 kg. For additional information on the authorized use of Veklury under the EUA, refer to the Fact Sheet for Healthcare Providers.
Clinical trials assessing the safety and efficacy of Veklury (remdesivir) in this pediatric patient population are ongoing.
The National Institutes of Health provides more information about treatment options.
People with COVID-19 should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. People with mild symptoms are able to recover at home. If you experience a medical emergency such as trouble breathing, call 911 and let the operator know you may have COVID-19. Never take a prescription medicine or drug if it is not prescribed for you by your doctor for your health condition.
- Am I at risk for serious complications from COVID-19 if I smoke cigarettes?
Yes. Data shows that when compared to never smokers, cigarette smoking increases the risk of more severe illness from COVID-19, which could result in hospitalization, the need for intensive care, or even death. Smoking cigarettes can cause inflammation and cell damage throughout the body, and can weaken your immune system, making it less able to fight off disease.
There’s never been a better time to quit smoking. If you need resources to help you quit smoking, the FDA’s Every Try Counts campaign has supportive tips and tools to help you get closer to quitting for good.
- If I vape tobacco or nicotine am I at risk for complications from COVID-19?
E-cigarette use can expose the lungs to toxic chemicals, but whether those exposures increase the risk of COVID-19 or the severity of COVID-19 outcomes is not known. However, many e-cigarette users are current or former smokers, and cigarette smoking increases the risk of respiratory infections, including pneumonia.
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